Sewing clothes can be an exciting experience, whether you are a beginner sewist or a seasoned dressmaker. When it comes to sewing clothes, the process is the same for most of the sewing projects, with the slight difference coming in the form of the type of clothing you want to make. If you have basic sewing knowledge, you will discover that with dressmaking, especially if you are aware of a sewing pattern, everything needs to be sewn in a particular order to avoid problems in the later stage of your sewing. For instance, if you are sewing cloth with pockets, you must follow certain orders to ensure that you can easily attach the pockets at the end. This includes placing the pockets ‘on the flat’ before even connecting the main sections of the cloth. There is a variety you can learn how to sew clothes, some of which are free.
In this post, we are going to share with you step by step guide to sewing clothes, including materials and other tools you may need along the way. Hoping that you will follow along with these steps, we would like to encourage you to not advance to the next step without pressing the seams or cloth details that you have just completed. This will help you produce a professionally-looking garment at the end, which can be demoralizing especially if you are learning to sew clothes.
Generally, before you start making any cloth, you need to have all the things that you need, which include but not limited to:
- Your pattern of choice already cut out in the material
- Transfer all the pattern markings
- All the necessary tools needed for the project.
Here are Our Steps of How to Sew Clothes:
Step #1: Establishing the pattern pieces that require interfacing
Interfacing is simply using material on ‘wrong’ or unseen side of textiles to make the area of the cloth you are making more rigid. It is also a technique that can be sued for strengthening a particular area of the fabric such as the area where the buttonholes will be created. Interfacing is also important for keeping your fabrics from extending out of shape, especially knit fabrics.
Step #2: Mark the tucks and darts
After cutting out your fabric pattern, the next step is to mark out tucks, darts and even pleats needed to be sewn. The reason you want to sew pleats darts and tucks this early is that it will be challenging to do so in the later stage.
Step #3: Style your lines
In this step, the style lines do not include shoulder seam, waist seam, side seam, or sleeve seam.
To put it simply, the style line is a line that normally runs from one point of the cloth to the other. For instance, an underbust seam that runs flat from one side to another is a style line.
You can only sew the style lines once you have sewn the darts, tucks, and pleats on your pattern.
Once you have sewn the style lines, your cloth pieces should be now complete and ready for the next step.
Step #4: Sew the waist, center back and center front seams
Assuming that this dress features a waist seam, you may want to sew it now at the waistline. If your center back or center front also features a seam, you should sew them now to match up to any stitched style lines from the previous step. Also, if your garment needs a placket on the center back or fronts back, you can sew it at this stage.
Step #5: Pockets
If your cloth features pockets, begin to attach them now. Be sure to sew your pockets when they are lying flat since it is only this way that you will be able to see if the pockets are symmetrical or not. Remember that the pockets play a major role in how your final product will look like. The pockets offer balance to your cloth, so make sure they are sewn symmetrically.
Step #6: Sew zippers
There are many ways in which you can sew the zippers in your garment.
- Lapped zipper
- Trouser fly zipper
- Exposed zipper or
- Plain zipper
A zipper can be sued in almost any type of cloth, including jackets, skirts, dresses, trousers, and jeans. Sometimes zippers can also be used as a non-functioning feature in a garment.
Step #7: Shoulder Seams
In this step, you can now sew the shoulder seams. These seams connect the front to the back of the garment.
Step #8: Trouser inseams and side seams
Now things are starting to get real. If your garment requires a seam zipper, you can sew it now. Mark the point on the side seam where the zipper begins and sew all the side seams. Additionally, you can also sew the inseams on the shorts and trousers.
Step #9: For trousers and skirts, attach waistbands and facings
At this point, your sewing project is almost done.
Attach the lining to the facing before sewing the facing to the main cloth. Attach the lining to the waistline as well.
Ensure that the waistlines are symmetrical and that your lining is sewn in a way that its wrong side faces the wrong side of the fabric.
Step #10: Collar
This step is for collar preparations. Of course, it depends on whether your cloth has a collar.
Start preparing the collar pieces now, keeping in mind that the collar is one of the most visible features of a garment and people will be looking at it.
Step #11: Attach the collar
After creating the collar, you can attach it to your cloth. Be sure to match the center back and center front points as well as the shoulder notches.
Also, be cautious not to stretch the neckline of your garment as you sew.
Step #12: Sleeve
Sleeves can only be sewing as a non-set-in sleeve of a set-in sleeve. Both of these methods involved attaching the sleeve to the main cloth.
Some sleeves are two pieces, with upper and under sleeve. If this is the case with your garment, make sure to connect the two pieces together.
While at it, including the sleeve details such as gathers, plackets, sleeve tabs, and pleats at the elbow.
Step #13: Attach the sleeves
If you are making a shirt, sew the sleeve on the flat.
Step #14: Bodice Facings
Facings are important in sewing as they help keep the cloth clean, offer support and help provide different types of garments.
If your garment does not include a sleeve of a collar, then you should finish off the raw edges using bindings or facings.
Facings are usually done on armholes, waistlines, hems necklines, center front openings, and center back openings.
Step #15: Hems
If you have reached this step, your garment is in the last stages of completion. Hemming is important for the design of your cloth as well as the used material.
Step #16: Closures
Closures mean fastening. This includes inserting zippers, buttons, and other fasteners.
Step #17: Pressing
If you are doing this right, you should have been pressing throughout this whole process. Pressing in sewing is what you do when making cloth and it is not finished yet. This is done using the iron box and over the seams and stitches. Our recommended iron can help you to find the best one in case if you are looking to buy an iron.
Sewing clothes is fun. Make sure you try it out using the steps shared in this post. The information here is also useful for those learning how to sew clothes, and it can help you build your confidence and be able to take on more complicated sewing projects.